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Sweden & Denmark
The Swedish FRA Law

The Swedish FRA Law steals the headlines, but what is the situation of the Danish Surveillance Legislation?

Dansk Version

From our unparalleled IT expert

FRA stands for: Försvarets Radio Anstalt [Defence Force Radio Centre]


In Sweden, a new law on communications surveillance received massive media attention. Since it was proposed the law has triggered large demonstrations and was close to being rejected by parliament.
In Denmark, our own legislation on surveillance has been in effect since 15 September, 2007, but without the same media attention as its Swedish counterpart.

Here you can see who and what should be logged according to Danish Legislation on surveillance. Comments are highlighted in red and small font.

Who has to log?
* Everybody providing Internet and e-mail services for commercial purposes, is required to log.
Swedish Internet and mail providers are not required to log under the new FRA Act

* This includes telecommunication companies and ISPs, but also, for example, cafés and hotels that offer Internet as a free service.
Not a problem for cafés and hotels in Sweden, since the FRA Act does not require logging by providers.

* Libraries, educational institutions, hospitals and housing estates with fewer than 100 members are excluded.
An exception which makes the Danish monitoring worthless. The exception is introduced to not hamper the government's own constituents, as the surveillance legislation means significant additional costs for service providers - and the government is afraid of losing voters if members of smaller housing companies must pay an extra $ 2,000 a month per household to cover expenses due to the surveillance legislation. The government therefore agrees that terrorists are free to use the Internet connection in a housing estate with fewer than 100 members, the voters' votes being more important than preventing terrorist acts.

What is to be logged?

* From wired phones the calling number as well as the called numbers, time and the duration of the conversation are stored.
Does not take place in Sweden since the FRA Act does not require any logging.

* From mobile phones the numbers of callers and of called persons, time and duration of the conversations are registered. The ID number of the phone and data, from which mobile telephone relay the conversation is initiated and ends, are stored. Also the time of activation of an (anonymous) top-up card is stored.
This does not take place in Sweden since the FRA law does not require any logging.

* The same applies to the sending of SMS and MMS messages.
Again the Swedes escape since the FRA Act does not require any logging.

* As for e-mails the sender and the recipient as well as the time of sending and IP addresses of the computers are stored.
But not in Sweden because the FRA Act does not require any logging.

* By internet use, IP-addresses and time as well as the MAC-address of the computer are stored.
Again this doesn’t apply to the Swedes since the FRA Act demands no logging

* Not all data are stored, for logging is carried out at random. Each 500 data package is stored.
An e-mail or a file consists of many data, and by only saving each 500 data package you store something you cannot use for anything, at all. Try to take each 500 letter of this post and put them together. You will see that it just becomes gibberish which nobody can understand. The Danish providers have to invest large sums for storing information which is totally useless. You may well ask if not the government has been hit by the Danish decline in IQ level!

In Danish media the FRA Act is presented as though all internet and telecommunication traffic in Sweden is to be intercepted and stored, which is totally wrong

FRA, Försvarets Radio Anstalt, is a civilian authority under the Defence Ministry with 650 employees and has two tasks:

1. Monitoring signals from foreign electronic traffic crossing Sweden's borders by air or cable. As most electronic traffic across the borders is sent by cable ( fiber, e.g.), the FRA Act was necessary, the FRA previously only being allowed to survey signals of electronic traffic by air (radio). Signals from radar, navigation and weapons systems are also included in the surveillance

2. To help the government and state enterprises when it comes to IT security. By attacks via the internet against governmental organizations, the FRA is responsible for the defence.


In the Danish newspaper, Politiken´s, article "Sweden will vote yes to increased monitoring" one can read the following statement:

"Thus, the Swedish secret service authorities will intercept and read the contents of conversations and e-mails while the authorities in Denmark only have to register traffic without a warrant."

The false assertion makes readers believe that the secret service reads all e-mails and listen to all telephone calls, the Danish newspaper Politiken forgot to mention the important detail that this is only a matter of conversations and emails crossing the Swedish border.
The vast majority of calls and emails are domestic and never cross the Swedish border.

FRA conducts no independent intelligence service. Instead it performs tasks on behalf of:

* The government
* The Defence
* The National Police
* The Inspection of strategic products
* The Customs Authorities
* The Defence Material Authorities
* The Research Institute of Total Defence
* The Authority of Crisis Preparedness

Although the FRA is allowed to work with foreign intelligence services as to participate in the Echelon, no Swedish participation takes place.

Denmark, however, does actively participate in the Echelon, with a particular interceptor station on the island of Amager, which Anders "Slide" Fogh Rasmussen constantly denies.

In this case, he is just as credible as when he constantly denied that the EU is a slippery slope towards more 'union'.

The media are letting us down

This is not to understand that Danish media are doing everything to bring erroneous information on the Swedish FRA Act, while steps are being taken to not inform on the crazy Danish terror legislation.

Translated from Balder Blog - Balladen om Sveriges nye lov om overvågning af Internet og telefoni

Jyllands Posten - Sverige stemmer ja til øget overvågning (Sweden votes yes to increased surveillance)
Politiken 20 juni 2008 - Agenters bopæl lagt ud på nettet (Residences of secret agents published on internet)
Politiken 20 juni 2008 - Svensk overvågningslov skræmmer it-firmaer (Swedish surveillance act scares it-firms)
Politiken 19 juni 2008 - Massiv kritik af overvågningslov (Massive criticism of surveillance act)
Politiken 18 juni 2008 - Sverige stemmer ja til øget overvågning (Sweden votes yes to increased surveillance)

Official EU documents at -
Some of these files are featured here because they can be hard to find at their original location, some can also be hard to read because of layout and formatting.

Lan Year Date Title
English 2008 February 26 Council Framework Decision on combating certain forms and expressions of racism and xenophobia by means of criminal law (pdf)
English 2008 April 14 Corrigendum to above file (pdf)
English 2008 November 26 Statements to be entered in the minutes of the Council (Country specific comments) (pdf)
Danish 2008 februar 26 Rådets Rammeafgørelse om bekæmpelse af visse former for og tilkendegivelser af racisme og fremmedhad v.h.a. straffelovgivningen
Danish 2008 14 april Rettelse til filen ovenover (pdf)
English 2007 December 13 European Parliament resolution of on combating the rise of extremism in Europe
German 2007 Dezember 13 Entschließung des Europäischen Parlaments vom 13. Dezember 2007 zur Bekämpfung der Zunahme des Extremismus in Europa
Danish 2007 December 13 Europa-Parlamentets beslutning af 13. december 2007 om bekæmpelse af den stigende ekstremisme i Europa
English 2007 April 19 Council of the European Union - Framework decision on Racism and Xenophobia
Danish 2005 marts 04 Notat vedrørende revideret forslag af februar 2003 Rådets rammeafgørelse om bekæmpelse af racisme og fremmedhad (pdf)
English 2004 March 01 EUMC Press Summary March 2004 - Manifestations of Antisemitism In The EU 2002 - 2003 (pdf)
English 2003 May 15 Second EUMC International Conference on 'Educating for Tolerance': The Case of Resurgent anti-Semitism
English 2002 October 31 Racist and xenophobic content on the internet – problems and solutions (Paris The European Focus on)
English     Euromed and the Media (Proposals & Recommendations for journalist behaviour!)
External and / or Unofficial
English   Official EU document on "Cybercrime" (pdf)
English     US cybercrime push 'imperils personal security' of Americans
English     Euro thought police criminalize impure speech
English     Om den stigende ensretning i de amerikanske medier:
When Lies Become Truth Video - Orwell Rolls In His Grave - Part I A Must Watch Documentary
English     Three articles by Ole Kreiberg posted to the home page of the European Union
English 2008 June 21 Internet Surveilance & Data Retention Laws Sweden & Denmark The Swedish FRA Law
Danish 2008 juni 21 Balladen om Sveriges nye lov om overvågning af Internet og telefoni
Danish     Britons face extradition for 'thought crime' on net
Danish     Udlevering til andre EU lande: Kaptain Leo Kramme, Svendborg ønskes udleveret til Polen
Danish     Siegfried Verbeke, Belgisk Revisionist udleveres til Tyskland
Danish     Udvist på Europæisk arrestordre godt nok ingen tankeforbrydelse, men det kommer nok
Danish     Nazi-Jonni risikerer fængsel - i Tyskland
Danish     Orwell: Borgerrettigheder undermineres (Lene Espersen spøger igen)
Danish 2005 december 05 Terror-direktiv skal bruges mod musikpirater (Underholdningsindustrien udfører lobbyarbejde)
EU tillader overvågning af telefon og mails. Politiet får nu mulighed for at hente oplysninger om mistænktes telefon- og dataopkald op til to år tilbage. Læs i JP 15-12-05
Danish 2002 juli 05 Jyllands-Posten Ældre men yderst skræmmende og aktuel artikel der viser hvor langt man faktisk var villig til at gå den gang med at inføre censur og straf efter tysk forbillede: EU-strid om jødeudryddelse Jyllands-Posten 5 juli 2002
Danish 2002 november 07 Spydpigen Anslag mod ytringsfriheden 7 november blev der vedtaget en protokol der forbereder indførelsen af de tyske begrænsninger i ytringsfriheden. 'Council of Europe: Additional protocol to the convention on cybercrime concerning the criminalisation of acts of a racist and xenophobic nature committed through computer systems' Anslag mod ytringsfriheden
English 1995 oktober 28 Barcelona Declaration and Euro-Mediterranean partnership - Articles: Eurabia, Middelhavsunionen, Euromediterranean, Barcelona Declaration, Unlimited Immigration to Europe German - Racist and Supremacist Roots of European Union Ideology - Coudenhove-Kalergi English German Danish Dutch Spanish - Articles: Holocaust, Zionism, Judaism, Censorship, Israel Lobby, Persecution, Revisionism, Denial, Holocaust denial German Danish - Facts & Documentation about the European Union in 3 languages English English Deutsch German Dansk Danish

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